The Population of Israel - November 2019

Total Population 9,092,000 

Jews 6,744,000 (74%)

Arabs 1,907,000  (21%)

Others 441,000  (4.8%)

New Immigrants in 2018   29,600

More Jews live in Israel than any other country.

Jews in the world = 14.8million  of whom 8.1 million live outside Israel including 5.7 million in the USA.

The number of Arab Christians in Israel = approximately 130,000.

There are believed to be around 25,000 - 30,000 Messianic believers (Jews who accept Jesus as their Messiah).

The Israeli cities with the largest Arab Christian populations are Nazareth (22,400), Haifa (14,600), Jerusalem (11,900) and Shefar-am (9,600). The largest non-Arab Christian concentrations are in Haifa (3,400), Tel Aviv (3,100) and Jerusalem (2,900).

Israel Poverty Update issued December 2018

Israel has the largest gap between rich and poor in the developed world. (OECD)

Israel has the highest rate of child poverty in the world's 41 most developed countries worse than Mexico and Chile. (UNICEF)

  • Around 2 to 2.5 million people are living in poverty or are on the borderline according to government and NGO reports;
  • Up to 1 million Children are living in poverty; 
  • More than 466,400 Families are living in poverty;
  • Over 180,000 Elderly Israelis including 45,000 Holocaust survivors are living in poverty;
  • 90% of the elderly cannot afford nursing care or help at home; 52% are unable to afford medicine or medical treatments; 43% suffer from malnutrition because they are unable to afford basic food.
  • 47% of those living in poverty are working but earn low salaries;
  • 54% of poor people had their water or electricity disconnected during the past year because they were unable to pay their bills;
  • 96% of the elderly who receive government allowance say they are unable to live with dignity;
  • School books versus Food - Over 60% of children did not have the necessary materials to study and 69% could not participate in school social activities.

Pray that the government will take serious steps to address this growing problem. Gidi Kroch, CEO of the Israel National Food Bank has said: "If the status quo stays as is, poverty and hunger will continue to hit us harder than our enemies from the outside."


There can be significant differences between official government figures and those from NGOs working with the poor. For example NGO LATET reports 2,440,000 live in poverty including 1,024,000 children but the official government figure is 1,800,000 including 814,800 children.

While the government figures are based on income alone, the LATET figures to determine poverty are based on a person's shortages in 5 categories - each reflecting essential needs to live with dignity: Housing, education, health, food security and the ability to meet the cost of living.

Last Updated on 22nd August 2019

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